The Naples National Archaeological Museum is at the northwest corner of the original Greek wall of the city of Neapolis.
The Naples National Archaeological Museum is at the northwest corner of the original Greek wall of the city of Neapolis. The museum contains a big collection of Roman artifacts from Herculaneum, Pompeii and Stabiae . The collection contains also works of the highest quality produced in Greek, Roman and Renaissance times. The museum hosts extensive collections of Greek and Roman antiquities. Their core is from the Farnese Collection, which includes a collection of engraved gems (including the Farnese Cup, a Ptolemaic bowl made of sardonyx agate and the most famous piece in the « Treasure of the Magnificent », and is founded upon gems collected by Cosimo de’ Medici and Lorenzo il Magnifico in the 15th century) and the Farnese Marbles. Charles III of Spain founded the museum in the 1750s. The building he used for it had been erected as a cavalry barracks and during its time as the seat of the University of Naples (from 1616 to 1777) was extended, in the late 1700s.